1840-1848

•    1841
Elected to the Académie Française, after several failed attempts.
•    1842
The Rhine, whose conclusion presages Hugo’s future political activism.
•    1843
The Burgraves. Léopoldine Hugo and her husband Charles Vacquerie drown in the Seine, six months after their marriage. Hugo learns of their deaths while travelling in Spain. He would not publish again until 1852.
•    1845
Named a Pair de France. Begins work on Les Misères, which would go on to become Les Misérables.
•    1848
In February, out of loyalty to the Orléans royal family, he turns down a ministerial post in the new provisional government. In June he is elected as a member of the new constitutional assembly for Paris. Hugo speaks on national workshops, against the death penalty and in favour of freedom of the press.